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Save Nubia Project Website Launched!

June 24, 2012 

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4 New Dam Projects

4majordamsThe alleged goal of these projects is to create electricity, but the Sudanese government has not demonstrated concern about the social, environmental, and archaeological impact of these projects. Also, the Sudanese government has not considered cleaner, less devastating, alternative energy sources such as solar panels and wind turbines.
  1. ASWAN HIGH DAM (1st cataract) – completed in 1970 and flooded a Nubian area in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. Although 17 Nubian temples were salvaged and relocated, many other artifacts are now submerged under the waters of the newly created Lake Nasser (called “Lake Nubia” in Sudan), and 39 Nubian villages were also flooded.
  2. DAL DAM (2nd cataract) – will flood a 40-mile Nubian area in northern Sudan. Five (5) major archaeological sites will be flooded, and between 5- 10 thousand people will be displaced. Not much else is currently known about this project.
  3. KAJBAR DAM (3rd cataract) – will be a $705 million project constructed by the Chinese company, Sinohydro, which is the largest hydro- power company in the world. This dam is projected to be a 5-year project but the Sudanese government has not released any details about this project. However, unofficial estimates gathered by concerned Nubian activists indicate that when completed this project will flood a Nubian area of 42 square miles, and thus displace 10,000 people and flood an estimated 500 archaeological sites.
  4. MEROWE DAM (4th cataract) – completed in 2008 and flooded an ancient Kushite region which contained a minimum of 2,500 archaeological sites that were never fully excavated. Also, an estimated 50-70 thousand local people were dislocated.
  5. SHEREIK DAM (5th cataract) – will be a $711 million project constructed by the Chinese firm, Gezhouba Corporation, but not much else is currently known about this project.
  6. ATBARA DAM – will be a $838 million project constructed by a Chinese consortium, but not much else is currently known about this project.

Read more: Ampim Field Work in Sudan (2011)

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Sudanese Police in Second Crackdown Against Dam Protestors

December 22, 2011 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese capital Khartoum has witnessed a second round of demonstrations against a government dam project upcountry as President Omer Al-Bashir pledged to find a quick solution to the issue.

Sudan Police Crackdown
FILE - Sudanese police (AFP)

Anti-riot police forces on Thursday fired teargas and used batons to disperse a protest staged in downtown Khartoum by dozens of students affiliated to, or acting in solidarity with, Al-Manasir, one of three tribal populations which incurred severe losses of properties due to the construction of Merowe Dam in their homelands on the Fourth cataract of the River Nile, 350 kilometers north of Khartoum.

A similar crackdown was meted out earlier on Tuesday against Al-Manasir demonstrators in downtown Khartoum, leading to the arrest of around ten protestors.

Thursday’s protest moved to the University of Khartoum where several other students joined the protestors, eye witnesses told Sudan Tribune.

Around 300 students marched out of Khartoum University’s main campus, chanting slogans denouncing president Al-Bashir.

Police forces then arrived at the scene and clashed with the protestors, firing tear gas and chasing them inside the campus. Dozens were arrested, according to the witnesses.

The police also dispersed another protest staged later in the evening by female students affiliated to Al-Manasir. The students had earlier blocked the road in front of their house near Khartoum University and chanted slogans calling for overthrowing the government.

These protests came one month after Al-Manasir started a sit-in in El Damer town in the Nile River State to protest against the government’s failure to compensate them for the damage of their properties.

Meanwhile, president Al-Bashir held a meeting with the Nile River State’s governor Al-Hadi Abdallah and discussed Al-Manasir issue. The governor told reporters following the meeting that Al-Bashir had promised resolve the issue “within days” and declared his intention to visit the state in mid-January.

The construction of Merowe dam, which was financed by China, the Arab Fund for Social & Economical Development, the Saudi Fund for Development and other Arab funds at a cost of more than 2 billion US dollars, has displaced more than 100,000 local persons belonging to three riverian communities, Al Hamdab, Amri and Al-Manasir.

Local opposition to Meroew dam began in 2003 when its construction started. In 2006, a militia linked to the Merowe Dam Implementation Unit (MDIU) attacked a peaceful protest by local communities with live ammunitions, killing three people on the spot and injuring more than forty.

According to Sudanese and International Human Rights Organisations the Merowe Dam project has been marred by massive human rights abuses since its inception. Members of the affected communities have been subjected to detention, torture, injury, and killings. (ST)

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