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4 New Dam Projects

4majordamsThe alleged goal of these projects is to create electricity, but the Sudanese government has not demonstrated concern about the social, environmental, and archaeological impact of these projects. Also, the Sudanese government has not considered cleaner, less devastating, alternative energy sources such as solar panels and wind turbines.
  1. ASWAN HIGH DAM (1st cataract) – completed in 1970 and flooded a Nubian area in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. Although 17 Nubian temples were salvaged and relocated, many other artifacts are now submerged under the waters of the newly created Lake Nasser (called “Lake Nubia” in Sudan), and 39 Nubian villages were also flooded.
  2. DAL DAM (2nd cataract) – will flood a 40-mile Nubian area in northern Sudan. Five (5) major archaeological sites will be flooded, and between 5- 10 thousand people will be displaced. Not much else is currently known about this project.
  3. KAJBAR DAM (3rd cataract) – will be a $705 million project constructed by the Chinese company, Sinohydro, which is the largest hydro- power company in the world. This dam is projected to be a 5-year project but the Sudanese government has not released any details about this project. However, unofficial estimates gathered by concerned Nubian activists indicate that when completed this project will flood a Nubian area of 42 square miles, and thus displace 10,000 people and flood an estimated 500 archaeological sites.
  4. MEROWE DAM (4th cataract) – completed in 2008 and flooded an ancient Kushite region which contained a minimum of 2,500 archaeological sites that were never fully excavated. Also, an estimated 50-70 thousand local people were dislocated.
  5. SHEREIK DAM (5th cataract) – will be a $711 million project constructed by the Chinese firm, Gezhouba Corporation, but not much else is currently known about this project.
  6. ATBARA DAM – will be a $838 million project constructed by a Chinese consortium, but not much else is currently known about this project.


Read more: Ampim Field Work in Sudan (2011)

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